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JRC Smart Electricity Systems

Energy demand reduction: the role of end users


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With 12 EU countries subject to partial or complete interruptions of Russian gas, in order to enhance energy security, the EU gas reduction plan was drawn up in order to cut consumption by 15% between August and March. A mandatory target of 5% reduction of net electricity consumption during peak times was also set and lowering overall energy consumptions for households was encouraged, including transport-related energy use. While gas and electricity consumption in the EU decreased overall during 2022 this was likely mainly due to price increases. In order to ensure reduced energy consumption in the longer term, changes in behaviour are necessary.