Publications

Giaccaria S., Longo A., Efthimiadis T., Bouman T.
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2018 Research Area: Energy Security

The availability and continuity of energy supply play a key role in qualifying the energy security of a country. This report explores the meaning of energy security, according to the perceptions and preferences of a broad range of market actors. Making use of interviews and survey data taken in Estonia, the Netherlands and Portugal, the importance of an encompassing set of policy topics/measures is explored and described to investigate the relevance of different dimensions of energy security.

Giaccaria S., Longo A., Efthimiadis T., Bouman T.
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2018 Research Area: Energy Security

The report presents the results of a multicountry survey providing qualitative and quantitative information on the level of appreciation of customers and of regulators, suppliers and other key actors involved in electricity markets. The survey was conducted in Estonia, the Netherlands and Portugal.

Giaccaria S., Longo A., Efthimiadis T., Bouman T.
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2018 Research Area: Energy Security

The Value of Lost Load (VoLL) is an indicator of the economic value that consumers place on the energy not served in case of a supply disruption, e.g. an electricity outage (blackout). VoLL is broadly used by industry and regulators for benchmarking the operating conditions of an energy system. The perceived worth of the reliability of the energy system can be used for assessing the economic convenience of future improvements, e.g. infrastructure investments, or to assess the damages caused by disruptions.

Giaccaria S., Longo A., Efthimiadis T., Bouman T.
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2018 Research Area: Energy Security

This report presents the results of a study on the Value of Lost Load (VoLL) in Greece for various scenarios of interruptions of power supply. The VoLL is the value of unserved energy, and quantifies the value of damages perceived by energy users, in case of a blackout. The VoLL is used as a proxy of the economic value of reliability or alternatively of the social costs of power outages.

Flego, G., Vitiello, S., Fulli, G., Marretta L., Stromsather J.
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2018 Research Area: Smart Grids

Smart Grid pilot projects and their assessment through a cost-benefit analysis are crucial to ensure that Smart
Grid and Smart Metering roll-out are economically reasonable and cost-effective. Analysing the Isernia pilot
project, the key result of the investigation is that an extra remuneration for such ambitious projects has been
crucial in turning the Distribution System Operator’s Return on Investment (RoI) positive.

Georgios Marios Karagiannis, Stamatios Chondrogiannis, Elisabeth Krausmann, Zehra Irem Turksezer
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2017 Research Area: Integrated power systems

This study analyses the performance of the power grid during 16 earthquakes, 15 space weather events and 20 floods. It concludes that different natural hazards affect the power grid in different ways. Earthquakes cause inertial damage to heavy equipment and brittle items, and ground failure and soil liquefaction can be devastating to electric infrastructure assets. Recovery time is driven by the balance of repairs and capabilities. Poor access to damaged facilities, due to landslides or traffic congestion, can also delay repairs.

M. Ardelean, P. Minnebo
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2017 Research Area: Super Grids

This report looks at the potential routes for a future power interconnection between EU and China. China has launched in 2016 the idea of transmitting electricity as far as Germany via an Ultra High Voltage Direct Current (UHVDC) link. China intends to exploit its Renewable Energy Sources (RES) from north-eastern regions both for domestic use and for export. The country has the capabilities to design and build long and powerful systems to transmit electricity across the country for thousands of kilometres.

Vasiljevska, J., Gras, S., Flego, G.
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2017 Research Area: Smart Grids

The document presents the outcome of the evaluation process of candidate Projects of Common Interest in the priority thematic area of ‘smart grids deployment’, as set out in the trans-European energy infrastructure regulation. The evaluation follows the guidelines of the assessment framework for smart grid Projects of Common Interest, 2017 update, developed by the JRC and adopted within the smart grid Regional Group.

Flavia Gangale, Julija Vasiljevska, Catalin Felix Covrig, Anna Mengolini, Gianluca Fulli
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2017 Research Area: Smart Grids

The 2017 Outlook offers a snapshot of the state of play and of the latest developments in the field of smart grids in Europe. The analysis is based on a database of 950 R & D and demonstration projects, totalling around EUR 5 billion of investment. It aims to foster knowledge sharing and to inform future policymaking.

J. Vasiljevska, S. Gras
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2017 Research Area: Smart Grids

The document presents an update of the assessment framework, a methodology to assess smart grid projects of common interest, in line with Regulation (EU) No 347/2013 on guidelines for trans-European energy infrastructure. In this context, every 2 years the European Commission establishes an EU-wide list of projects of common interest (PCIs), consisting of key energy infrastructure projects in the EU. These are essential for completing the European internal energy market and reaching the EU’s energy policy objectives of affordable, secure and sustainable energy.

N. Andreadou, M. Olariaga Guardiola, I. Papaioannou, G. Prettico
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2017 Research Area: Smart Grids

The smart grid requires an effective energy management and for this a vast amount of information needs to be handled. Assessing the new technological solutions that would best accommodate the needs of a smart grid is of vital importance. This report aims at collecting information about the smart grid topics of research, the technologies and the standards used by top organizations that hold smart grid activities at a laboratory level. For this purpose an online questionnaire has been created and used.

Giuseppe PRETTICO, Flavia GANGALE, Anna MENGOLINI,, Alexandre LUCAS, Gianluca FULLI
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2016 Research Area: Smart Grids

The European electricity sector is undergoing radical changes in every segment of the power industry, from generation to supply. Ambitious policy goals set at European level to enhance the competitiveness, security and sustainability of the EU's energy system have called for major changes in the regulatory, technological, and market structure fields. The distribution sector is particularly affected by these changes.

PURVINS Arturs, FULLI Gianluca, COVRIG Catalin Felix, CHAOUACHI Aymen, BOMPARD Ettore, CARPANETO Enrico, HUANG Tao, PI Ren Jian, MUTULE Anna, OLEINIKOVA Irina, OBUSHEVS Artjoms
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2016 Research Area: Integrated power systems
  • The Baltic States are strongly connected to the electricity transmission grids in Russia and Belarus
  • The current policy activities are focused on secure energy supply alternatives
  • To support these activities a Baltic power system model has been developed
  • The power model can serve as a tool for techno-economic power system analysis
  • Dependency of the Baltic States on outside resources has been found to be fairly low in 2020/30
Julija Vasiljevska, Alexandre Lucas
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2016 Research Area: Smart Grids

The document presents the outcome of the evaluation process of candidate Projects of Common Interest in the area of Smart Grids, under the trans-European energy infrastructure regulation. The evaluation follows the guidelines of the assessment framework for Smart Grid projects, developed by the JRC within the EC Smart Grid Task Force.

Mircea Ardelean, Philip Minnebo
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2015 Research Area: Integrated power systems

High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) interconnections started to spread across land and underwater becoming longer and more powerful. The advance of this technology makes them the prime option for bulk power transmission in future. While on land the length can reach thousands of kilometres underwater they measure less than 600 km. The constraints but also the future developments must be addressed in order to assess the perspectives of this technology.

Marta Poncela Blanco, Giuseppe Prettico, Nikoleta Andreadou, Miguel Olariaga Guardiola, Gianluca Fulli, Catalin-Felix Covrig
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2015 Research Area: Smart Grids

A smart electricity grid opens the door to a myriad of new applications aimed at enhancing security of supply, sustainability and market competitiveness. Gathering detailed information about smart grid laboratories activities represents a primary need. In order to obtain a better picture of the ongoing Smart Grid developments, after the successful smart grid project survey initiated in 2011, we recently launched a focused on-line survey addressed to organisations owning or running Smart Grid laboratory facilities.

Silvia Vitiello, Gianluca Flego, Alessandro Setti, Gianluca Fulli, Stefano Liotta, Silvio Alessandroni, Luana Esposito, Davide Parisse
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2015 Research Area: Smart Grids

This report, the first of a series of periodic publications, systematically gathers and disseminates information on the smart grid laboratories active in Europe and beyond. The underpinning survey developed by the JRC is a comprehensive attempt to get a complete overview of all the smart grid technologies operational at laboratory level.

EC
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2014 Research Area: Smart Grids

Member States in line with the provisions of the Third Energy Package1. Subject to the outcome of a possible economic assessment of long-term costs and benefits, Member States are required to prepare a timescale (of up to 10 years in the case of electricity) for the deployment of intelligent metering systems2. This report looks at progress in the EU-273 to date and frames recommendations for the way forward.

Catalin Felix Covrig, Mircea Ardelean, Julija Vasiljevska, Anna Mengolini, Gianluca Fulli (DG JRC), Eleftherios Amoiralis (External) Collaborators: Manuel Sanchez Jimenez, Constantina Filiou (DG ENER)
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2014 Research Area: Smart Grids
Smart grid projects are playing a key role in shedding light on how to move forward in this challenging transition. In 2011, therefore, the JRC launched the first comprehensive inventory of smart grid projects in Europe to collect lessons learned and assess current developments.
The participation of project coordinators and the reception of the report by the smart grid community were extremely positive. It was therefore decided that the project inventory would be carried out on a regular basis so as to constantly update the picture of smart grid developments. This study is the 2013-2014 update of the inventory started out in 2011.
The JRC’s 2013-14 Smart Grid database contains 459 smart grid R&D and D&D projects from all 27 European Union countries. UK, Switzerland and Norway were studied together with the EU27 countries since they are present in a substantial number of projects with EU countries. Other 17 non EU countries are represented in the inventory by their participating organisations. The total investment of the smart grid projects amounts to €3.15 billion.
Vincenzo Giordano, Silvia Vitiello, Julija Vasiljevska
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2014 Research Area: Smart Grids

The document presents the methodology elaborated by JRC within the framework of its participation to the work of the Smart Grids Task Force, Expert Group on Smart Grid Infrastructure Deployment (Expert Group 4). The then adopted Regulation 347/2013 on guidelines for trans-European energy infrastructure provides for the establishment of a EU-wide list of "Projects of Common Interest", a label identifying key energy infrastructure projects in EU. Within this framework, Expert Group 4 had the mandate to define an evaluation framework for projects proposals in the field of smart grids. On the basis of its experience on Cost Benefit Analysis of smart grid projects, JRC developed a multi-criteria assessment framework including: a) a checklist to check that project proposals meet the requirements set out by the Regulation; b) a techno-economic assessment through Key Performance Indicators to capture the key features of each project; c) a Cost Benefit Analysis of each projects.

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