Publications

G. Migliavacca, G. Fulli, H. Ferreira, A. Purvins, L. Debaberbis
Publication Category: Books Publication year: 2013 Research Area: Smart grids interfaces with Super Grids

The European electricity system has been evolving with a very fast pace in the last years, mostly as a combined effect of two main drivers: the increasing penetration of renewable energy sources (RES), especially wind and solar power plants, and the development of cross-border trade of energy. The former driver causes constantly increasing flows on the North-South European axis (see Fig. 1), connecting zones with high RES potentials (especially North Sea wind offshore and South European solar) with the big loads located in Central Europe, where there are lower RES potentials.

V. Giordano, A. Meletiou, C. F. Covrig, A. Mengolini, M. Ardelean, G. Fulli, M. S. Jiménez, C. Filiou
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2013 Research Area: Smart Grids

Smart Grid projects play a key role in shedding some light on how to move forward in this challenging transition. To this end, in 2011, the JRC launched the first comprehensive inventory of Smart Gird projects in Europe to collect lessons learned and assess current developments on Smart Grids in Europe [JRC 2011]. The final catalogue was published in July 2011 and included 219 Smart Grid and smart metering projects from EU27 Member States (including 24 smart metering pilots and roll-outs). The overall investment amounted to € 5 billion.

J. Vasiljevska, A. Mengolini, G. Fulli
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2013 Research Area: Smart Grids

Today's electricity system is facing the challenge to respond to growing environmental concerns while assuring sustainable, secure and cost-effective power system operation. Although large scale integration of generation close to load appears as a promising solution to cope with these challenges, much effort is still needed in engaging consumers to take a bigger role in managing their power consumption.

S. Lazarou, R. Musca, M. Demirtas, G. Fulli, I. Colak
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2013 Research Area: Smart Grids

The simulation model of the Smart Grids Laboratory of the Institute of Energy and Transport is presented in this paper and a day of its operation is analyzed. The developed model simulates six different modules (a photovoltaic array, a Li-ion battery storage system, a small wind turbine, a diesel generator, a laboratory load and the connection point with the grid). The modules are connected radially at a common bus.

I. Colak, G. Fulli, S. Vitiello, I. Tekin, R. Bayindir, K. Demirtas
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2013 Research Area: Super Grids

In a globalizing world, dominating and the shaping energy sector can be achieved by satisfying energy quality criteria and having a structure to meet the criteria specifies international standards. Voltages, frequencies, waveforms, outages, harmonics and flicker effects are the parameter of quality criteria in a grid system. Among them, the frequency is the most important parameter in production of high quality energy. Frequency control provides load demands and keeps the system in balance.

F. Gangale, A. Mengolini, I. Onyeji
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2013 Research Area: Smart Grids

This paper provides an insight into consumer engagement experiences in smart grid projects in Europe. It reviews the main activities undertaken by European projects to gain deeper knowledge of consumer behaviour and to motivate and empower consumers to become active energy customers.

C. Brancucci Martinez-Anido, M. Vandenbergh, L. de Vries, C. Alecu , A. Purvins, G. Fulli, T. Huld
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2013 Research Area: Super Grids

The aim of this paper is to analyse the need for investment in electricity interconnectors in Europe between 2010 and 2025. We evaluate the impact of cross-border transmission capacity on curtailment needs for renewable energy sources (RES), on hydro storage utilisation and on security of supply (in terms of energy not served). The analysis is performed with EUPowerDispatch, a minimum cost dispatch model of the European electricity transmission network.

A. Purvins, I. Papaioannou, L. Debarberis
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2013 Research Area: Smart Grids

This article analyses in technical terms the application of battery-based storage systems for household-demand smoothening in electricity-distribution grids. The analysis includes case studies of Denmark, Portugal, Greece, France and Italy. A high penetration of photovoltaic systems in distribution grids is considered as an additional scenario. A sensitivity analysis is performed in order to examine the smoothening effect of daily demand profiles for different configurations of the battery system.

C. Brancucci Martínez-Anido, A. L’Abbate, G. Migliavacca, R. Calisti, M. Soranno, G. Fulli, C. Alecu, L.J. de Vries
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2013 Research Area: Super Grids

Several European initiatives consider the electrical integration of the Euro-Mediterranean region a key priority for meeting future European Union (EU) energy policy goals. Ambitious plans include the development of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) in the region as well as transmission interconnectors between the two shores of the Mediterranean Sea.

Ettore Bompard, Tao Huang, Yingjun Wu, Mihai Cremenescu
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2013 Research Area: Smart Grids

This paper presents a framework to classify threats to power system secure operation. Threats have long been recognized; however, there lacks a categorical classification of them due to various individual perspectives from different organizations. The power system is evolving to a smart, super, and clean grid, accompanied by interior diversified and emerging threats. Furthermore, threats from exterior factors, intentional and non-intentional, conventional and new-born, to power systems have become more severe than ever before.

Helder Lopes Ferreira, Raquel Garde, Gianluca Fulli, Wil Kling, Joao Pecas Lopes
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2013 Research Area: Smart Grids

In the current situation with the unprecedented deployment of clean technologies for electricity generation, it is natural to expect that storage will play an important role in electricity networks. This paper provides a qualitative methodology to select the appropriate technology or mix of technologies for different applications. The multiple comparisons according to different characteristics distinguish this paper from others about energy storage systems.

E. Bompard, , S. Connors,, G. Fulli, , B. Han, , M. Masera, , A. Mengolini,, W. J. Nuttall
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Integrated power systems

This report proposes ideas and an approach to address present and future challenges in future smart energy systems through the particular lenses of complexity sciences.
Complexities arising inside and around emerging energy distribution systems prompt a multilayered and integrated approach in which different disciplines and areas of expertize are pooled together.  The interfaces between system layers and intellectual disciplines are the focus, rather than on the details of any individual layer or the particularities of one approach.

V. Giordano, S. Bossart
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Smart Grids

In the last few years, initiatives on Smart Grids have been growing in number and scope on both sides of the Atlantic. A variety of projects has been deployed throughout Europe and US with different aims and results. Substantial public and private investments have been committed to research and development (R&D), demonstration and deployment activities. At this stage, there is a need to evaluate the outcome of implemented projects and share experiences and lessons learned.

V. Giordano, I. Onyeji, G. Fulli, M. Sanchez Jimenez, C. Filiou
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Smart Grids

Following the inventory of Smart Grid projects carried out by the JRC in 2011, the goal of this report is to provide guidance and advice for conducting cost benefit analysis of Smart Grid projects. We present a step by step assessment framework based on the work performed by EPRI (Electric Power Research Institute) on cost-benefit analysis and provide methodological guidelines and best practices. Modifications to fit the European context have been proposed wherever necessary.

V. Giordano, I. Onyeij, G. Fulli, M. Sanchez Jimenez, C. Filiou
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Smart Grids

The goal of this report is to provide guidance and advice for conducting cost benefit analysis of smart metering deployment.

We present a step by step assessment framework based on the work performed by EPRI (Electric Power Research Institute), and we provide guidelines and best practices.

Several additions and modifications to fit the European context have been proposed. This work draws on the existing collaboration between the EC and the US Department of Energy (DoE) in the framework of the EU-US Energy Council.

G. Migliavacca, A. L'Abbate, R. Calisti, M. Soranno, C. Brancucci Martínez-Anido, C. Alecu, M. Vandenbergh, G. Fulli
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Smart grids interfaces with Super Grids

Goal of the present work is to provide a first preliminary analysis on the effect of African solar energy import on the Italian system at 2030.
In particular, the aim is to provide a first preliminary answer to questions like:
· what flow will prevail in Italy at 2030 (wind from the Northern border or solar from the Southern border);
· how could the market prices be modified as the effect of RES import from North and from South.

C. Brancucci Martínez-Anido, L. de Vries, G. Fulli
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Smart grids interfaces with Super Grids

The estimated growth of Europe’s electricity demand and the policy goals of mitigating climate change result in an expected increase in variable renewable energy. A high penetration of wind and solar energy will bring several new challenges to the European electricity transmission network. The objective of this paper is to understand the effects of a high penetration of variable renewable energy sources (RES) on the demand for cross-border electricity transmission in Europe.

A. L'Abbate, G. Migliavacca, G. Fulli, C. Vergine, A. Sallati
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Smart Grids

In Europe different trends and issues may strongly impact on the power transmission system. This poses new challenges to the European TSOs (Transmission System Operators), whose role becomes more complex. In this frame, transmission expansion planning criteria crucially need to be revised and extended towards advanced solutions.

S. Lazarou, E. Wiggelinkhuizen, R. Teixeira Pinto, P. Minnebo, H. Wilkening, J. Pierik, G. Fulli
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Smart Grids

In this paper the Smart Grid simulation centre facilities of the Institute for Energy and Transport (IET), Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission's (EC) are presented, providing a specific application of our work. The Smart Grid Simulation Centre is intended to combine electrical power components and communication/control equipment with system simulation tools. In this way the Centre can test grid

S. Lazarou, C. F. Covrig, I. Colak, P. Minnebo, H. Wilkening, G. Fulli
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Smart grids interfaces with Super Grids

Decarbonization policies adopted worldwide are leading to a steadily increasing deployment of renewable energy sources (RES). In Europe, for example, a multitude of wind farms is built at (predominantly) onshore and (increasingly) offshore sites. The connection of offshore wind farms is expected to promote the realization of Multi Terminal Grids (MTG), which include High Voltage DC (HVDC) transmission systems requiring high voltage inverters.

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