Publications

A. Purvins, I. Papaioannou, L. Debarberis
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2013 Research Area: Smart Grids

This article analyses in technical terms the application of battery-based storage systems for household-demand smoothening in electricity-distribution grids. The analysis includes case studies of Denmark, Portugal, Greece, France and Italy. A high penetration of photovoltaic systems in distribution grids is considered as an additional scenario. A sensitivity analysis is performed in order to examine the smoothening effect of daily demand profiles for different configurations of the battery system.

C. Brancucci Martínez-Anido, A. L’Abbate, G. Migliavacca, R. Calisti, M. Soranno, G. Fulli, C. Alecu, L.J. de Vries
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2013 Research Area: Super Grids

Several European initiatives consider the electrical integration of the Euro-Mediterranean region a key priority for meeting future European Union (EU) energy policy goals. Ambitious plans include the development of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) in the region as well as transmission interconnectors between the two shores of the Mediterranean Sea.

Ettore Bompard, Tao Huang, Yingjun Wu, Mihai Cremenescu
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2013 Research Area: Smart Grids

This paper presents a framework to classify threats to power system secure operation. Threats have long been recognized; however, there lacks a categorical classification of them due to various individual perspectives from different organizations. The power system is evolving to a smart, super, and clean grid, accompanied by interior diversified and emerging threats. Furthermore, threats from exterior factors, intentional and non-intentional, conventional and new-born, to power systems have become more severe than ever before.

Helder Lopes Ferreira, Raquel Garde, Gianluca Fulli, Wil Kling, Joao Pecas Lopes
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2013 Research Area: Smart Grids

In the current situation with the unprecedented deployment of clean technologies for electricity generation, it is natural to expect that storage will play an important role in electricity networks. This paper provides a qualitative methodology to select the appropriate technology or mix of technologies for different applications. The multiple comparisons according to different characteristics distinguish this paper from others about energy storage systems.

E. Bompard, , S. Connors,, G. Fulli, , B. Han, , M. Masera, , A. Mengolini,, W. J. Nuttall
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Integrated power systems

This report proposes ideas and an approach to address present and future challenges in future smart energy systems through the particular lenses of complexity sciences.
Complexities arising inside and around emerging energy distribution systems prompt a multilayered and integrated approach in which different disciplines and areas of expertize are pooled together.  The interfaces between system layers and intellectual disciplines are the focus, rather than on the details of any individual layer or the particularities of one approach.

V. Giordano, S. Bossart
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Smart Grids

In the last few years, initiatives on Smart Grids have been growing in number and scope on both sides of the Atlantic. A variety of projects has been deployed throughout Europe and US with different aims and results. Substantial public and private investments have been committed to research and development (R&D), demonstration and deployment activities. At this stage, there is a need to evaluate the outcome of implemented projects and share experiences and lessons learned.

V. Giordano, I. Onyeji, G. Fulli, M. Sanchez Jimenez, C. Filiou
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Smart Grids

Following the inventory of Smart Grid projects carried out by the JRC in 2011, the goal of this report is to provide guidance and advice for conducting cost benefit analysis of Smart Grid projects. We present a step by step assessment framework based on the work performed by EPRI (Electric Power Research Institute) on cost-benefit analysis and provide methodological guidelines and best practices. Modifications to fit the European context have been proposed wherever necessary.

V. Giordano, I. Onyeij, G. Fulli, M. Sanchez Jimenez, C. Filiou
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Smart Grids

The goal of this report is to provide guidance and advice for conducting cost benefit analysis of smart metering deployment.

We present a step by step assessment framework based on the work performed by EPRI (Electric Power Research Institute), and we provide guidelines and best practices.

Several additions and modifications to fit the European context have been proposed. This work draws on the existing collaboration between the EC and the US Department of Energy (DoE) in the framework of the EU-US Energy Council.

G. Migliavacca, A. L'Abbate, R. Calisti, M. Soranno, C. Brancucci Martínez-Anido, C. Alecu, M. Vandenbergh, G. Fulli
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Smart grids interfaces with Super Grids

Goal of the present work is to provide a first preliminary analysis on the effect of African solar energy import on the Italian system at 2030.
In particular, the aim is to provide a first preliminary answer to questions like:
· what flow will prevail in Italy at 2030 (wind from the Northern border or solar from the Southern border);
· how could the market prices be modified as the effect of RES import from North and from South.

C. Brancucci Martínez-Anido, L. de Vries, G. Fulli
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Smart grids interfaces with Super Grids

The estimated growth of Europe’s electricity demand and the policy goals of mitigating climate change result in an expected increase in variable renewable energy. A high penetration of wind and solar energy will bring several new challenges to the European electricity transmission network. The objective of this paper is to understand the effects of a high penetration of variable renewable energy sources (RES) on the demand for cross-border electricity transmission in Europe.

A. L'Abbate, G. Migliavacca, G. Fulli, C. Vergine, A. Sallati
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Smart Grids

In Europe different trends and issues may strongly impact on the power transmission system. This poses new challenges to the European TSOs (Transmission System Operators), whose role becomes more complex. In this frame, transmission expansion planning criteria crucially need to be revised and extended towards advanced solutions.

S. Lazarou, E. Wiggelinkhuizen, R. Teixeira Pinto, P. Minnebo, H. Wilkening, J. Pierik, G. Fulli
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Smart Grids

In this paper the Smart Grid simulation centre facilities of the Institute for Energy and Transport (IET), Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission's (EC) are presented, providing a specific application of our work. The Smart Grid Simulation Centre is intended to combine electrical power components and communication/control equipment with system simulation tools. In this way the Centre can test grid

S. Lazarou, C. F. Covrig, I. Colak, P. Minnebo, H. Wilkening, G. Fulli
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Smart grids interfaces with Super Grids

Decarbonization policies adopted worldwide are leading to a steadily increasing deployment of renewable energy sources (RES). In Europe, for example, a multitude of wind farms is built at (predominantly) onshore and (increasingly) offshore sites. The connection of offshore wind farms is expected to promote the realization of Multi Terminal Grids (MTG), which include High Voltage DC (HVDC) transmission systems requiring high voltage inverters.

I. Colak, H. Wilkening, G. Fulli, J. Vasiljevska, F. Issi, O. Kaplan
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Smart Grids

Smart grids systems, for being profitably implemented, will have to deliver advantageous results to costumers, investors and operators. This can be realized by providing efficient, secure and reliable systems, connecting distributed renewable energy sources and enabling advanced services. The analysis of those potential benefits should consider all components of smart grids from the energy sources to the consumers, including the communication and power portions of the system.

C. Brancucci Martínez-Anido, R. Bolado, L. De Vries, G. Fulli, M. Vandenbergh, M. Masera
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Smart Grids

The European Network of Transmission System Operators for Electricity has been publishing network reliability data for major fault events in the European electricity transmission network since 2002. The work presented focuses on three reliability indicators provided for each major fault event: energy not supplied, total loss of power and restoration time. The purpose of this paper is to assess the usefulness of these indicators and to gain a better understanding of the impact of network topology on transmission network reliability.

A. Carcano, A. Coletta, M. Guglielmi, M. Masera, I.N. Fovino, A. Trombetta
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Smart Grids

A relatively new trend in Critical Infrastructures (e.g., power plants, nuclear plants, energy grids, etc.) is the massive migration from the classic model of isolated systems, to a system-of-systems model, where these infrastructures are intensifying their interconnections through Information and Communications Technology (ICT) means. The ICT core of these industrial installations is known as Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition Systems (SCADA).

M. Ajmone-Marsan, D. Arrowsmith, W. Breymann, O. Fritz, M. Masera, A. Mengolini, A. Carbone
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Smart Grids

There is a general need of elaborating energy-effective solutions for managing our increasingly dense interconnected world. The problem should be tackled in multiple dimensions -technology, society, economics, law, regulations, and politics- at different temporal and spatial scales. Holistic approaches will enable technological solutions to be supported by socio-economic motivations, adequate incentive regulation to foster investment in green infrastructures coherently integrated with adequate energy provisioning schemes.

Anna Carbone, Marco Ajmone-Marsan, Kay W. Axhausen, Michael Batty, Marcelo Masera, Erich Rome
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Smart grids interfaces with Super Grids

"In the next century, planet earth will don an electronic skin. It will use the Internet as a scaffold to support and transmit its sensations. This skin is already being stitched together. It consists of millions of embedded electronic measuring devices: thermostats, pressure gauges, pollution detectors, cameras, microphones, glucose sensors, EKGs, electroencephalographs. These will probe and monitor cities and endangered species, the atmosphere, our ships, highways and fleets of trucks, our conversations, our bodies--even our dreams ....What will the earth's new skin permit us to feel?

L. Debarberis, G. Fulli, E. Alecu, F. Gangale
Publication Category: Magazine Papers Publication year: 2011 Research Area: Smart grids interfaces with Super Grids

Maintaining and improving reliable, efficient grids is vital for a modern society. The European transmission and distribution networks are ageing and they are faced with different challenges that may push them to evolve following different trends and conflicting drivers.

H. Faas, F. Gracceva, G. Fulli, M. Masera
Publication Category: Books Publication year: 2011 Research Area: Smart Grids

In spite of its critical role, energy security lacks a universally agreed definition, which given its complexity may well just be unrealistic. The concept is still used in a wide range of reports and documents, often without discussion of its dimensions and their significance. As a consequence, the literature is characterized by an almost overwhelming focus on securing supplies of primary energy sources and geopolitics. Clearly, views on energy security also differ widely between nations.

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