Publications


Assessing Smart Grid Benefits and Impacts: EU and U.S. Initiatives


V. Giordano, S. Bossart
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2012 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

In the last few years, initiatives on Smart Grids have been growing in number and scope on both sides of the Atlantic. A variety of projects has been deployed throughout Europe and US with different aims and results. Substantial public and private investments have been committed to research and development (R&D), demonstration and deployment activities. At this stage, there is a need to evaluate the outcome of implemented projects and share experiences and lessons learned.


Guidelines for conducting a cost-benefit analysis of Smart Grid projects


V. Giordano, I. Onyeji, G. Fulli, M. Sanchez Jimenez, C. Filiou
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2012 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

Following the inventory of Smart Grid projects carried out by the JRC in 2011, the goal of this report is to provide guidance and advice for conducting cost benefit analysis of Smart Grid projects. We present a step by step assessment framework based on the work performed by EPRI (Electric Power Research Institute) on cost-benefit analysis and provide methodological guidelines and best practices. Modifications to fit the European context have been proposed wherever necessary.


Guidelines for cost-benefit analysis of smart metering deployment


V. Giordano, I. Onyeij, G. Fulli, M. Sanchez Jimenez, C. Filiou
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2012 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

The goal of this report is to provide guidance and advice for conducting cost benefit analysis of smart metering deployment.

We present a step by step assessment framework based on the work performed by EPRI (Electric Power Research Institute), and we provide guidelines and best practices.

Several additions and modifications to fit the European context have been proposed. This work draws on the existing collaboration between the EC and the US Department of Energy (DoE) in the framework of the EU-US Energy Council.


Solar import from Africa: the Italian and the European perspective


G. Migliavacca, A. L'Abbate, R. Calisti, M. Soranno, C. Brancucci Martínez-Anido, C. Alecu, M. Vandenbergh, G. Fulli
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2012 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart grids interfaces with Super Grids

Goal of the present work is to provide a first preliminary analysis on the effect of African solar energy import on the Italian system at 2030.
In particular, the aim is to provide a first preliminary answer to questions like:
· what flow will prevail in Italy at 2030 (wind from the Northern border or solar from the Southern border);
· how could the market prices be modified as the effect of RES import from North and from South.


Impact of Variable Renewable Energy on European Cross-Border Electricity Transmission


C. Brancucci Martínez-Anido, L. de Vries, G. Fulli
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2012 Research Area: Smart grids interfaces with Super Grids

The estimated growth of Europe’s electricity demand and the policy goals of mitigating climate change result in an expected increase in variable renewable energy. A high penetration of wind and solar energy will bring several new challenges to the European electricity transmission network. The objective of this paper is to understand the effects of a high penetration of variable renewable energy sources (RES) on the demand for cross-border electricity transmission in Europe.


The European research project REALISEGRID: transmission planning issues and methodological approach towards the optimal development of the pan-European system


A. L'Abbate, G. Migliavacca, G. Fulli, C. Vergine, A. Sallati
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2012 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

In Europe different trends and issues may strongly impact on the power transmission system. This poses new challenges to the European TSOs (Transmission System Operators), whose role becomes more complex. In this frame, transmission expansion planning criteria crucially need to be revised and extended towards advanced solutions.


A Smart Grid Simulation Centre at the Institute for Energy and Transport - Integration of large amounts of offshore wind energy


S. Lazarou, E. Wiggelinkhuizen, R. Teixeira Pinto, P. Minnebo, H. Wilkening, J. Pierik, G. Fulli
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2012 Activity Type: Software Research Area: Smart Grids

In this paper the Smart Grid simulation centre facilities of the Institute for Energy and Transport (IET), Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission's (EC) are presented, providing a specific application of our work. The Smart Grid Simulation Centre is intended to combine electrical power components and communication/control equipment with system simulation tools. In this way the Centre can test grid


Behaviour of Multi-Terminal Grid Topologies in Renewable Energy Systems Under Multiple Loads


S. Lazarou, C. F. Covrig, I. Colak, P. Minnebo, H. Wilkening, G. Fulli
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2012 Activity Type: Software / Desktop Research Area: Smart grids interfaces with Super Grids

Decarbonization policies adopted worldwide are leading to a steadily increasing deployment of renewable energy sources (RES). In Europe, for example, a multitude of wind farms is built at (predominantly) onshore and (increasingly) offshore sites. The connection of offshore wind farms is expected to promote the realization of Multi Terminal Grids (MTG), which include High Voltage DC (HVDC) transmission systems requiring high voltage inverters.


Analysing the efficient use of energy in a small smart grid system


I. Colak, H. Wilkening, G. Fulli, J. Vasiljevska, F. Issi, O. Kaplan
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2012 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

Smart grids systems, for being profitably implemented, will have to deliver advantageous results to costumers, investors and operators. This can be realized by providing efficient, secure and reliable systems, connecting distributed renewable energy sources and enabling advanced services. The analysis of those potential benefits should consider all components of smart grids from the energy sources to the consumers, including the communication and power portions of the system.


European power grid reliability indicators, what do they really tell?


C. Brancucci Martínez-Anido, R. Bolado, L. De Vries, G. Fulli, M. Vandenbergh, M. Masera
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2012 Activity Type: Software / Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

The European Network of Transmission System Operators for Electricity has been publishing network reliability data for major fault events in the European electricity transmission network since 2002. The work presented focuses on three reliability indicators provided for each major fault event: energy not supplied, total loss of power and restoration time. The purpose of this paper is to assess the usefulness of these indicators and to gain a better understanding of the impact of network topology on transmission network reliability.


A Multidimensional Critical State Analysis for Detecting Intrusions in SCADA Systems


A. Carcano, A. Coletta, M. Guglielmi, M. Masera, I.N. Fovino, A. Trombetta
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2012 Activity Type: Hardware / Software Research Area: Smart Grids

A relatively new trend in Critical Infrastructures (e.g., power plants, nuclear plants, energy grids, etc.) is the massive migration from the classic model of isolated systems, to a system-of-systems model, where these infrastructures are intensifying their interconnections through Information and Communications Technology (ICT) means. The ICT core of these industrial installations is known as Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition Systems (SCADA).


The emerging energy web


M. Ajmone-Marsan, D. Arrowsmith, W. Breymann, O. Fritz, M. Masera, A. Mengolini, A. Carbone
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2012 Activity Type: Hardware / Software Research Area: Smart Grids

There is a general need of elaborating energy-effective solutions for managing our increasingly dense interconnected world. The problem should be tackled in multiple dimensions -technology, society, economics, law, regulations, and politics- at different temporal and spatial scales. Holistic approaches will enable technological solutions to be supported by socio-economic motivations, adequate incentive regulation to foster investment in green infrastructures coherently integrated with adequate energy provisioning schemes.


Complexity aided design: the FuturICT technological innovation paradigm


Anna Carbone, Marco Ajmone-Marsan, Kay W. Axhausen, Michael Batty, Marcelo Masera, Erich Rome
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2012 Activity Type: Software Research Area: Smart grids interfaces with Super Grids

"In the next century, planet earth will don an electronic skin. It will use the Internet as a scaffold to support and transmit its sensations. This skin is already being stitched together. It consists of millions of embedded electronic measuring devices: thermostats, pressure gauges, pollution detectors, cameras, microphones, glucose sensors, EKGs, electroencephalographs. These will probe and monitor cities and endangered species, the atmosphere, our ships, highways and fleets of trucks, our conversations, our bodies--even our dreams ....What will the earth's new skin permit us to feel?


Development of electric network in Europe: the current situation and perspectives


L. Debarberis, G. Fulli, E. Alecu, F. Gangale
Publication Category: Magazine Papers Publication year: 2011 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart grids interfaces with Super Grids

Maintaining and improving reliable, efficient grids is vital for a modern society. The European transmission and distribution networks are ageing and they are faced with different challenges that may push them to evolve following different trends and conflicting drivers.


European Security – A European Perspective


H. Faas, F. Gracceva, G. Fulli, M. Masera
Publication Category: Books Publication year: 2011 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

In spite of its critical role, energy security lacks a universally agreed definition, which given its complexity may well just be unrealistic. The concept is still used in a wide range of reports and documents, often without discussion of its dimensions and their significance. As a consequence, the literature is characterized by an almost overwhelming focus on securing supplies of primary energy sources and geopolitics. Clearly, views on energy security also differ widely between nations.


Le reti elettriche intelligenti: recenti sviluppi a livello europeo


F. Gangale, V. Giordano, G. Fulli
Publication Category: Magazine Papers Publication year: 2011 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

Meeting the EU’s climate change and energy policy objectives for 2020 and beyond will require a major transformation of our electricity infrastructure. Strengthening and upgrading existing networks is of paramount importance to integrating an increasing amount of renewable energy generation, enhancing grid security, developing the internal energy market and realising energy saving and efficiency.


Smart Grids Chapter of the 2011 Technology Map of the European Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET-Plan)


H. Ferreira, I. Maschio
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2011 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

Smart grids are seen as key enablers for the future deployment of sustainable energy, particularly in the context of satisfying the European Union’s (EU) targets for 2020 and beyond. In particular, the share of variable renewable energy sources (RES), such as wind, solar, wave and run-of-the-river hydropower, is predicted to be in excess of 20 % of the total power generation in 2030 [EC DG ENER, 2009]. Moreover, smart grids allow for increased energy efficiency - a requirement for the future power system.


Smart Grid Projects in Europe - Lessons Learned and Current Developments


V. Giordano, F. Gangale, G. Fulli, M. Sanchez Jimenez, I. Papaioannou, A. Colta, K. I. Onyeij, A. Mengolini, T. Ojala, I. Maschio, E. Alecu
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2011 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

The main goal of this study is to collect a wide inventory of Smart Grid projects in Europe and use project data to support analysis on trends and developments. The report looks into several aspects of the Smart Grids landscape to describe the state of the art of their implementation, the emerging hallmarks of the new electricity system and the foreseeable developments.


A European supergrid for renewable energy: local impacts and far-reaching challenges


A. Purvins, H. Wilkening, G. Fulli, E. Tzimas, G. Celli, S. Mocci, F. Pilo, S. Tedde
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2011 Activity Type: Hardware / Software Research Area: Super Grids

This article assesses the impact of extensive deployment of indigenous and external renewable energy sources on a local electricity system (Sardinia Island) and discusses the main challenges faced by the European power grids in integrating high shares of renewable-based generation technologies. It presents the 2030 scenarios for the Sardinian power system and the results of steady-state analyses in extreme (renewable) generation and consumption conditions.


CDM contribution to RES penetration in the power generation sector of China and India


F. Gangale, A. Mengolini
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2011 Activity Type: Hardware Research Area: Super Grids

The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) could play an important role in the power generation sector of developing countries and emerging economies by providing additional revenues to support the diffusion of renewable energy sources (RES). This paper aims at investigating the contribution of the CDM to the deployment of renewable electricity projects in China and India and at highlighting the main potentialities and limitations of this mechanism for their support.

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