Publications


Smart grid energy storage controller for frequency regulation and peak shaving, using a vanadium redox flow battery


Alexandre Lucas, Stamatios Chondrogiannis
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2016 Activity Type: Software Research Area: Smart Grids

Grid connected energy storage systems are regarded as promising solutions for providing ancillary services to electricity networks and to play an important role in the development of smart grids. Thus far, the more mature battery technologies have been installed in pilot projects and studies have indicated their main advantages and shortcomings. The main concerns for wide adoption are the overall cost, the limited number of charging cycles (or lifetime), the depth of discharge, the low energy density and the sustainability of materials used.


ESTABLISHMENT OF THE SECOND LIST OF UNION PROJECTS OF COMMON INTEREST


Julija Vasiljevska, Alexandre Lucas
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2016 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

The document presents the outcome of the evaluation process of candidate Projects of Common Interest in the area of Smart Grids, under the trans-European energy infrastructure regulation. The evaluation follows the guidelines of the assessment framework for Smart Grid projects, developed by the JRC within the EC Smart Grid Task Force.


RES diffusion and R&D investments in the flexibilisation of the European electricity networks


Teodora Diana Corsatea; Sergio Giaccaria; Catalin-Felix Covrig; Nicola Zaccarelli; Mircea Ardelean.
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2015 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

The present  analysis adds up to the discussion carried around the flexibilisation of the electricity networks, as means of higher diffusion of renewable energy sources (RES). Inspiring from innovation studies the paper proposes an economic rationale for considering RES technology manufacturers as investors in electricity networks.


HVDC Submarine Power Cables in the World


Mircea Ardelean, Philip Minnebo
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2015 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Integrated power systems

High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) interconnections started to spread across land and underwater becoming longer and more powerful. The advance of this technology makes them the prime option for bulk power transmission in future. While on land the length can reach thousands of kilometres underwater they measure less than 600 km. The constraints but also the future developments must be addressed in order to assess the perspectives of this technology.


Market Integration Scheme of a Multi-Terminal HVDC Grid in the North Seas


Stamatios Chondrogiannis, Marta Poncela Blanco
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2015 Activity Type: Software / Desktop Research Area: Integrated power systems

The development of a multi-terminal (MT) high voltage DC (HVDC) grid based on voltage source converter (VSC) technology has been envisaged as a key development for harnessing the vast offshore wind production potential of the North Seas. In this paper, market integration of a centrally dispatched MT HVDC Grid based on droop control is examined. Particular emphasis is given on the management of onshore imbalance volumes due to offshore wind power forecast errors.


Smart grid projects in Europe: Current status, maturity and future scenarios


Ilhami Colak, Gianluca Fulli, Seref Sagiroglu, Mehmet Yesilbudak, Catalin-Felix Covrig
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2015 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

The attention on the smart grids and smart grid technologies has grown significantly over the last few years. The analysis made in this study is grounded on the smart grid projects database of the Joint Research Centre (European Commission).


A survey on the contributions of power electronics to smart grid system


Ilhami Colak, Ersan Kabalci, Gianluca Fulli, Stavros Lazarou
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2015 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

The smart grid (SG) as a research area is advancing dealing with a wider range of topics such as power systems, energy generation and telecommunication.


Grid harmonic impact of multiple electric vehicle fast charging


Alexandre Lucas, Fausto Bonavitacola, Evangelos Kotsakis, Gianluca Fulli
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2015 Activity Type: Hardware / Software Research Area: Smart Grids

Fast charging is perceived by users as a preferred method for extending the average daily mobility ofelectric vehicles (EV). The rated power of fast chargers, their expected operation during peak hours, andclustering in designated stations, raise significant concerns. On one hand it raises concerns about standardrequirements for power quality, especially harmonic distortion due to the use of power electronics con-necting to high loads, typically ranging from 18 to 24 kW h.


Smart Grid Laboratories Inventory 2015


Marta Poncela Blanco, Giuseppe Prettico, Nikoleta Andreadou, Miguel Olariaga Guardiola, Gianluca Fulli, Catalin-Felix Covrig
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2015 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

A smart electricity grid opens the door to a myriad of new applications aimed at enhancing security of supply, sustainability and market competitiveness. Gathering detailed information about smart grid laboratories activities represents a primary need. In order to obtain a better picture of the ongoing Smart Grid developments, after the successful smart grid project survey initiated in 2011, we recently launched a focused on-line survey addressed to organisations owning or running Smart Grid laboratory facilities.


A smart grid for the city of Rome


Silvia Vitiello, Gianluca Flego, Alessandro Setti, Gianluca Fulli, Stefano Liotta, Silvio Alessandroni, Luana Esposito, Davide Parisse
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2015 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

This report, the first of a series of periodic publications, systematically gathers and disseminates information on the smart grid laboratories active in Europe and beyond. The underpinning survey developed by the JRC is a comprehensive attempt to get a complete overview of all the smart grid technologies operational at laboratory level.


Solar photovoltaic production at JRC Petten – monitoring report


Michel Vandenbergh
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2015 Activity Type: Hardware Research Area: Smart Grids

The performance of solar photovoltaic installations located on the roofs of the JRC-IET in Petten has been monitored and is analyzed for the 1-year period from 01.10.2013 to 30.09.2014.


Benchmarking smart metering deployment in the EU-27 with a focus on electricity


EC
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2014 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

Member States in line with the provisions of the Third Energy Package1. Subject to the outcome of a possible economic assessment of long-term costs and benefits, Member States are required to prepare a timescale (of up to 10 years in the case of electricity) for the deployment of intelligent metering systems2. This report looks at progress in the EU-273 to date and frames recommendations for the way forward.


Regional Energy Initiatives. MedReg and the Energy Community


Edited by Carlo Cambini, Alessandro Rubino
Publication Category: Books Publication year: 2014 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Integrated power systems

This book focuses on the two intra-regional initiatives created for the development and integration of energy markets: the Energy Community and MedReg.

The Energy Community and MedReg, apart from their common strategic role in providing a much-needed stable regulatory environment for energy markets in their respective reference countries, represent examples of a diverse development of regional energy initiatives. The former is initiated by external factors and is an example of a top-down approach, whereas the latter is a voluntary bottom-up initiative of the countries involved. The way the institutional framework is built is not without consequences on the functioning and organization of the two regional initiatives.

The book assesses these different approaches and their consequences in the framework of the development of the Energy Community and MedReg, with particular reference to their impact on regional integration, energy policy and institutional change. The analysis is enriched with several case studies on the role of independent regulatory agencies, the promotion of renewable energy sources, infrastructure and interconnection development across the Mediterranean basin and the implications of exporting the EU institutional model. This book is aimed at policy makers, institutions, energy companies and academics to provide a better understanding of the economic and institutional eco-system that characterize the Mediterranean area.


Technology: New electricity grids must develop in sync


Ettore Bompard, Marcelo Masera, William J. Nuttall
Publication Category: Magazine Papers Publication year: 2014 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

Future US and European electricity systems will depend on the harmonious evolution of low- and medium-voltage 'smart' grids with high-voltage 'super' grids. Without care, these two developments could undermine, rather than reinforce, one another.


Paths Toward Smart Energy: A Framework for Comparison of the EU and China Energy Policy


Han, B.; Bompard, E.; Huang, T.; Profumo, F.; Xia, Q.
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2014 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

National decisions and behaviors are strictly interdependent and each of them may affect the whole planet; hence, the harmonization and coordination of the policy are the key issues. This is particularly true in the energy sector, where scarce resources, which are presently unevenly shared by the various nations with the possibility of conflicts arising need to be allocated to keep the pace with economic growth and in a manner compatible with the preservation of the environment. In this paper, we use the concept of “smart energy” as a way to embrace the target to meet commitments to the world's sustainability, and a comparison of the energy policies of two key-world players, the EU and China, is undertaken in this context. A framework for quantitatively assessing the effectiveness of various specific policy tools is proposed. The policies are defined and analyzed with reference to the general goals, the tools to pursue those goals and their outcomes, possibly in a quantitative manner resorting to a set of meaningful metrics.


Smart grid opportunities and applications in Turkey


Colak, I; Bayindir, R.; Fulli, G.; Tekin, I; Demirtas, K; Covrig, C.F.
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2014 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

A smart grid is a system that uses information and communication technologies to integrate, in an intelligent way, all users connected to the electrical power system considering their behaviour and actions. For this purpose, information about the electrical network, such as the current, the voltage or the power, is gathered together over time so that the behaviour of suppliers and consumers can be observed and automatically coordinated. Smart grids are becoming a significant part in the configuration of future electrical power systems. A lot of research has been done on using smart grids to achieve highly efficient and user-friendly electrical power systems. Many new methods have been introduced to solve the difficulties energy providers face when transforming conventional electrical networks into smart grids. These difficulties include the integration of renewable energy and different grid systems at national and international levels due to changes in frequency, voltage and in the synchronisation mechanism.

This paper provides an outline of the European smart grid projects and gives an overview of the current infrastructure and smart grid applications of the Turkish Electricity Production System Operator (EUAS), Turkish Electricity Transmission System Operator (TEIAS), and Turkish Electricity Distribution System Operator (TEDAS). In this paper the feasibility of the further steps required is described and some assessments are made and suggestions given on smart grid developments in general.


Infranomics - Sustainability, Engineering Design and Governance


Gheorghe, Adrian V., Masera, Marcelo, Katina, P.F.
Publication Category: Books Publication year: 2014 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Integrated power systems

About this book:

-Contains results of different simulations case studies in energy transitions on how to improve educational programs in leading institutions

-Reader is exposed to latest approaches on dealing with vexing issues of port security, water, and technology transfer to emerging economies

-Contains over 100 tables and illustrations and over 50 color illustrations

This book provides a rough entry into the interdisciplinary field of Infranomics. It enables better decision making in an increasing ambiguous, complex, emergent, interdependent, and uncertain world where we attempt to anticipate modern society trends and patterns in order to react appropriately. However, as with any emerging discipline, much research is needed at the applications and conceptual level. The applications level may require development and testing of methods, tools, and techniques to enable analysis and decision-making in ambiguous, complex, emergent, interdependent, and uncertain conditions while the conceptual level may require taping into driving philosophies, theories, and methodologies that form the basis for Infranomics. Striking the right balance between applications and conceptual foundation (theory) requires rigorous research. This book provides a springboard for robust discussions on applications, theory, and transformation of current thinking to better deal with modern society’s problematic issues using Infranomics.


It's a Bird, It's a Plane, It's a Supergrid!: Evolution, Opportunities, and Critical Issues for Pan-European Transmission


Ettore Bompard, Gianluca Fulli, Mircea Ardelean, and Marcelo Masera
Publication Category: Magazine Papers Publication year: 2014 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Super Grids

Several initiatives have been launched in the last decade in the European Union (EU) to align pan-European power grid development with the EU’s policy targets, particularly in the energy and climate change fields. The building of new infrastructures, initially driven mainly by the need for increased cross-border trading and integration of the wholesale electricity markets, is nowadays also strongly supported by the demand for integrating diversified, low-carbon energy sources (e.g., renewable wind and solar sources).

The shape of the power grid in the medium- to long-term future (to 2050) depends greatly on different potential scenarios for the following items: renewable energy deployment (primarily in terms of technologies, performance, and geographical siting); extension of the European electricity network toward neighboring power grids (e.g. those of Northern Africa, the Middle East, and Russia); and the penetration of distributed energy sources that require the development of a smarter power system, especially at lower voltage levels. These factors, by defining preferential patterns for cross-European and intercontinental power flows, will outline the critical structural and operational needs of the European power grid of the future. ...


Smart Grid Projects Outlook 2014


Catalin Felix Covrig, Mircea Ardelean, Julija Vasiljevska, Anna Mengolini, Gianluca Fulli (DG JRC), Eleftherios Amoiralis (External) Collaborators: Manuel Sanchez Jimenez, Constantina Filiou (DG ENER)
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2014 Activity Type: Software / Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids
Smart grid projects are playing a key role in shedding light on how to move forward in this challenging transition. In 2011, therefore, the JRC launched the first comprehensive inventory of smart grid projects in Europe to collect lessons learned and assess current developments.
The participation of project coordinators and the reception of the report by the smart grid community were extremely positive. It was therefore decided that the project inventory would be carried out on a regular basis so as to constantly update the picture of smart grid developments. This study is the 2013-2014 update of the inventory started out in 2011.
The JRC’s 2013-14 Smart Grid database contains 459 smart grid R&D and D&D projects from all 28 European Union countries. Switzerland and Norway were studied together with the EU28 countries since they are present in a substantial number of projects with EU countries. Other 17 non EU countries are represented in the inventory by their participating organisations. The total investment of the smart grid projects amounts to €3.15 billion.

Definition of an assessment framework for projects of common interest in the field of smart grids


Vincenzo Giordano, Silvia Vitiello, Julija Vasiljevska
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2014 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

The document presents the methodology elaborated by JRC within the framework of its participation to the work of the Smart Grids Task Force, Expert Group on Smart Grid Infrastructure Deployment (Expert Group 4). The then adopted Regulation 347/2013 on guidelines for trans-European energy infrastructure provides for the establishment of a EU-wide list of "Projects of Common Interest", a label identifying key energy infrastructure projects in EU. Within this framework, Expert Group 4 had the mandate to define an evaluation framework for projects proposals in the field of smart grids. On the basis of its experience on Cost Benefit Analysis of smart grid projects, JRC developed a multi-criteria assessment framework including: a) a checklist to check that project proposals meet the requirements set out by the Regulation; b) a techno-economic assessment through Key Performance Indicators to capture the key features of each project; c) a Cost Benefit Analysis of each projects.

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