Effects of North-African electricity import on the European and the Italian power systems: a techno-economic analysis

Publication year: 
2013
Publication Category: 
Journal Papers
Identifier and type: 
ISSN 0378-7796
Author: 
C. Brancucci Martínez-Anido
A. L’Abbate
G. Migliavacca
R. Calisti
M. Soranno
G. Fulli
C. Alecu
L.J. de Vries
Publisher: 
Elsevier Science SA

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Several European initiatives consider the electrical integration of the Euro-Mediterranean region a key priority for meeting future European Union (EU) energy policy goals. Ambitious plans include the development of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) in the region as well as transmission interconnectors between the two shores of the Mediterranean Sea. The success of such initiatives, in addition to several techno-economic, political, environmental, regulatory and financial obstacles, depends on the ability of the European electricity network to suitably accommodate large electricity imports from North Africa. In order to address the issue, this paper, based on the combination of two methodologies, presents a first techno-economic analysis of the effects of electricity imports from North Africa on the European and the Italian power systems in 2030. Within a common framework, the adopted approach has proved its feasibility with coherent results showing a decrease in electricity prices in Europe. The European study shows how net electricity exchanges tend to follow the direction from South to North. The impact of North-African electricity on the Italian system is relevant. Also, Italy's potential of becoming a Mediterranean electricity hub is emphasised. National internal grid congestion results to be a crucial issue for the Euro-Mediterranean electrical integration.

Highlights

► Impact of African electricity import on the European and Italian systems is studied.

► European net electricity exchanges tend to follow the direction from South to North.

► Italian system's potential of becoming a Mediterranean electricity hub is shown.

► Solving internal grid congestion is crucial for the Mediterranean power integration.

 

Keywords: 
Transmission planning, RES integration, Mediterranean Solar Plan