Publications


Market-Based Control in Emerging Distribution System Operation


Bompard, E.; Han, B.
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2013 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Integrated power systems

In emerging electrical distribution systems, a multitude of self-interested individual decision makers interacts among themselves and with the power grid. The optimal operation of the grid, according to a set of predefined technical and economic targets, can be achieved by influencing the behaviors of the decision makers with appropriate market signals. The technical feasibility and performance of the system, for example, in terms of line flow limits, network losses, and appropriate voltage profile, can thus be controlled to a certain extent, by market signals. In this paper, we present a conceptual framework for “Market-based Control” for the operation of emerging distribution systems. Characterized by distributed and adaptive control signals over prosumers, market-based control needs to make prosumer benefits aligned with regulator/DSOs concerns, thus satisfying the requirements from both sides. By applying market-based control in network charging, both network and market performances can be improved. The complexity in the environment and in the interactions among players prompt techniques to be derived from complex systems theory. A multiagent model was built up for testing the market control strategies strategy. The concept and applications are illustrated with reference to a standard CIGRE medium-voltage distribution network.


Classification and trend analysis of threats origins to the security of power systems


Bompard, E.; Huang, T.; Wu, Y.; Cremenescu, M.
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2013 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Integrated power systems

This paper presents a framework to classify threats to power system secure operation. Threats have long been recognized; however, there lacks a categorical classification of them due to various individual perspectives from different organizations. The power system is evolving to a smart, super, and clean grid, accompanied by interior diversified and emerging threats. Furthermore, threats from exterior factors, intentional and non-intentional, conventional and new-born, to power systems have become more severe than ever before. Therefore, a distinct catalogue, description, and possible impact of these threats are proposed to meet the need of preventing power system from dangers. Using the proposed classification, a quantitative trend analysis of more than a hundred representative historic blackouts is performed to figure out the principal threats and the changing trend of threats over time.


International Handbook Of Energy Security


Contributors: J.O. Alabi, G. Bahgat, A.V. Belyi, S.C. Bhattacharyya, A. Boey, C. Brancucci Martínez-Anido, N. Caldes, G. Campbell, A. Cherp, H. Dyer, S. Gaylord, K.J. Hancock, K. Hemmes, J. Jewell, N. Jollands, S.I. Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen, S. La Branche, Y. Lechón, P. Linares, R.D. Lipschutz, D. Mulvaney, C. Okereke, C. Paskal, I.L.G. Pearson, S. Peters, T. Romanova, J. Scheffran, S. Schott, H.R. Stephan, E. Thomson, M.J. Trombetta, J. Vogler, K. Westphal, S. Wood, T. Yusuf, P. Zeniewski
Publication Category: Books Publication year: 2013 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Integrated power systems

This Handbook brings together energy security experts to explore the implications of framing the energy debate in security terms, both in respect of the governance of energy systems and the practices associated with energy security. The contributors expertly review and analyse the key aspects and research issues in the emerging field of energy security, test the current state of knowledge, and provide suggestions for reflection and further analysis. This involves providing an account of the multiplicity of discourses and meanings of energy security, and contextualizing them. They also suggest a rewriting of energy security discourses and their representation in purely economic terms. This volume examines energy security and its conceptual and practical challenges from the perspectives of security of supply, security of demand, environmental change and human security. It will prove essential for students in the fields of global, international and national politics of energy, economics, and society as well as engineering. It will also appeal to policy practitioners and anybody interested in keeping the lights on, avoiding climate change, and providing a secure future for humanity.


Insights from the inventory of smart grid projects in Europe - 2012 Update


Fulli, G.; Covrig, F.; Olariaga, M.
Publication Category: Magazine Papers Publication year: 2013 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

Smart Grid projects play a key role in shedding some light on how to move forward in this challenging transition. To this end, in 2011, the JRC launched the first comprehensive inventory of Smart Gird projects in Europe to collect lessons learned and assess current developments on Smart Grids in Europe [JRC 2011]. The final catalogue was published in July 2011 and included 219 Smart Grid and smart metering projects from EU27 Member States (including 24 smart metering pilots and roll-outs). The overall investment amounted to € 5 billion.


Energy Security – European Perspective and Policy Challenges


Gracceva, F.; Fulli, G.; Ardelean, M.; Masera, M.
Publication Category: Magazine Papers Publication year: 2013 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Integrated power systems

The Journal was launched on October 10-11 2013, in Bucharest, during an International Seminar on Critical Infrastructure Protection organized by Romanian Association for the Protection of Critical Infrastructures and Services (ARPIC) with the Romanian Association for Security Techniques (ARTS) and the National Association for Informational Systems Security (ANSSI), with the attendance of prominent private and state companies, as well High Representatives of the Romanian authorities, such as Mr. Iulian Fota, Presidential Advisor for National Security, and Mr. Sorin Encuţescu, State Councilor and Adviser to the Prime Minister on National Security and Critical Infrastructure Protection Coordination, who provided forewords within the Journal. It is edited by ARPIC, together with the EURISC Foundation, and addressed to both Romanian and foreign readers. The new publication aims to bring to the attention of its readers issues regarding Critical Infrastructure and Services Protection at national and European levels, from a wide selection of expert contributors. The promotion of these subjects is vital to the well being of our societies, and involve not just technical considerations, but also issues relating to governance capacity, private-public partnerships, and stakeholder inclusiveness.


Evaluation of Smart Grid projects within the Smart Grid Task Force Expert Group 4 (EG4)


Vincenzo Giordano, Joint Research Centre Julija Vasiljevska, Joint Research Centre Silvia Vitiello, Joint Research Centre Constantina Filiou, DG Energy Sebastian Gras, DG Energy Marija Mrdeza, DG Energy
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2013 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

This report presents the outcome of the evaluation of smart grid project proposals which was carried out by Expert Group 4 (EG4) of the Smart Grid Task Force. The group comprises relevant stakeholders from industry (system operators, manufacturers), regulatory authorities and Member States' representatives. National regulatory authorities have been involved in the evaluation process.

The Expert Group 4 (EG4) was established in February 2012. During the preparatory year of 2012, the task of EG4 was to agree on an assessment framework for the identification of potential projects of common interest (PCI) in the field of smart grids. The assessment framework proposed by the JRC was adopted by EG4 on 4 July 2012. It takes into account the technical and general criteria for the selection of projects of common interest in the field of smart grids, as defined in the trans-European energy infrastructure regulation.


The social dimension of Smart Grids


Anna MENGOLINI, Julija VASILJEVSKA
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2013 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

Growing concerns over climate change, security of power supply and market competitiveness are challenging the current power system operation and architecture, with the resulting need to integrate increasing shares of renewable and dispersed energy resources. The era of renewable energy, decentralized energy sources and smart grid technologies will empower all prosumers, from households to small and medium sized enterprises, as well as larger companies, to integrate their consumption and production of energy in networks that would function more like ecosystems than markets. The modernization of the grid, with power and data flowing in both directions, to and from the prosumers, will demand and enable new market structures, new services, and new social processes. As a consequence, the most important challenge for policy makers over the next decade will likely be the shift away from a supply-driven perspective, to one that recognizes the need for the integration of the different dimensions and actors of the energy systems. In this context, the aim of the present report is to shed light on the different components of the social dimensions of the smart grids, from the perspective of the consumer, community and society at large, and to highlight and discuss the main challenges that surround it.


Global Systems Science and Energy Systems


Marcelo Masera, Ettore Bompard, Anna Mengolini, Gianluca Fulli - DG JRC Ralph Dum - DG CONNECT Joan David Tabara - Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2013 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

In the present globally interconnected world, energy is generated, stored, transmitted and consumed and its related waste disposed of or recycled- through a complex and dynamic system of systems. A central challenge for Global Systems Science is to focus on the multiple interactions of different scales of the energy systems: from smart micro-grids to super grids. To what extent can these two approaches coexist? How do these two apparently divergent trends and configurations relate to each other and can be managed for a better coordination and efficiency? Global Systems Science should be able to identify what kinds of factors are most relevant for the global energy systems and to what particular pressures are they more sensitive (e.g. not necessarily prices but perhaps to other variables outside the energy systems). This report presents the key points and open issues in emerging energy systems and highlights questions and challenges to global systems science applied to energy systems. It is based on the discussions and results of the workshop on "Vision in global systems science: energy futures" held in Brussels on 18th and 19th March 2013 and organized by DG Connect in collaboration with Joint Research Centre, Institute for Energy and Transport, Petten.


Advanced Technologies for Future Transmission Grids


G. Migliavacca, G. Fulli, H. Ferreira, A. Purvins, L. Debaberbis
Publication Category: Books Publication year: 2013 Activity Type: Software / Desktop Research Area: Smart grids interfaces with Super Grids

The European electricity system has been evolving with a very fast pace in the last years, mostly as a combined effect of two main drivers: the increasing penetration of renewable energy sources (RES), especially wind and solar power plants, and the development of cross-border trade of energy. The former driver causes constantly increasing flows on the North-South European axis (see Fig. 1), connecting zones with high RES potentials (especially North Sea wind offshore and South European solar) with the big loads located in Central Europe, where there are lower RES potentials.


Smart Grid projects in Europe: Lessons learned and current developments 2012 update


V. Giordano, A. Meletiou, C. F. Covrig, A. Mengolini, M. Ardelean, G. Fulli, M. S. Jiménez, C. Filiou
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2013 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

Smart Grid projects play a key role in shedding some light on how to move forward in this challenging transition. To this end, in 2011, the JRC launched the first comprehensive inventory of Smart Gird projects in Europe to collect lessons learned and assess current developments on Smart Grids in Europe [JRC 2011]. The final catalogue was published in July 2011 and included 219 Smart Grid and smart metering projects from EU27 Member States (including 24 smart metering pilots and roll-outs). The overall investment amounted to € 5 billion.


Enabling consumer engagement in the future electricity networks


J. Vasiljevska, A. Mengolini, G. Fulli
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2013 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

Today's electricity system is facing the challenge to respond to growing environmental concerns while assuring sustainable, secure and cost-effective power system operation. Although large scale integration of generation close to load appears as a promising solution to cope with these challenges, much effort is still needed in engaging consumers to take a bigger role in managing their power consumption.


Modeling of a Smart Grid System Using Real Time Data οn Neplan


S. Lazarou, R. Musca, M. Demirtas, G. Fulli, I. Colak
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2013 Activity Type: Software / Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

The simulation model of the Smart Grids Laboratory of the Institute of Energy and Transport is presented in this paper and a day of its operation is analyzed. The developed model simulates six different modules (a photovoltaic array, a Li-ion battery storage system, a small wind turbine, a diesel generator, a laboratory load and the connection point with the grid). The modules are connected radially at a common bus.


Developments of Turkish Grid System Infrastructure for Integration With Europe


I. Colak, G. Fulli, S. Vitiello, I. Tekin, R. Bayindir, K. Demirtas
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2013 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Super Grids

In a globalizing world, dominating and the shaping energy sector can be achieved by satisfying energy quality criteria and having a structure to meet the criteria specifies international standards. Voltages, frequencies, waveforms, outages, harmonics and flicker effects are the parameter of quality criteria in a grid system. Among them, the frequency is the most important parameter in production of high quality energy. Frequency control provides load demands and keeps the system in balance.


Consumer engagement: an insight from smart grid projects in Europe


F. Gangale, A. Mengolini, I. Onyeji
Publication Category: Conference Papers Publication year: 2013 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

This paper provides an insight into consumer engagement experiences in smart grid projects in Europe. It reviews the main activities undertaken by European projects to gain deeper knowledge of consumer behaviour and to motivate and empower consumers to become active energy customers.


Medium-Term Demand for European Cross-Border Electricity Transmission Capacity


C. Brancucci Martinez-Anido, M. Vandenbergh, L. de Vries, C. Alecu , A. Purvins, G. Fulli, T. Huld
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2013 Activity Type: Software Research Area: Super Grids

The aim of this paper is to analyse the need for investment in electricity interconnectors in Europe between 2010 and 2025. We evaluate the impact of cross-border transmission capacity on curtailment needs for renewable energy sources (RES), on hydro storage utilisation and on security of supply (in terms of energy not served). The analysis is performed with EUPowerDispatch, a minimum cost dispatch model of the European electricity transmission network.


Application of battery-based storage systems in household-demand smoothening in electricity-distribution grids


A. Purvins, I. Papaioannou, L. Debarberis
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2013 Activity Type: Software Research Area: Smart Grids

This article analyses in technical terms the application of battery-based storage systems for household-demand smoothening in electricity-distribution grids. The analysis includes case studies of Denmark, Portugal, Greece, France and Italy. A high penetration of photovoltaic systems in distribution grids is considered as an additional scenario. A sensitivity analysis is performed in order to examine the smoothening effect of daily demand profiles for different configurations of the battery system.


Effects of North-African electricity import on the European and the Italian power systems: a techno-economic analysis


C. Brancucci Martínez-Anido, A. L’Abbate, G. Migliavacca, R. Calisti, M. Soranno, G. Fulli, C. Alecu, L.J. de Vries
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2013 Activity Type: Software Research Area: Super Grids

Several European initiatives consider the electrical integration of the Euro-Mediterranean region a key priority for meeting future European Union (EU) energy policy goals. Ambitious plans include the development of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) in the region as well as transmission interconnectors between the two shores of the Mediterranean Sea.


Classification and trend analysis of threats origins to the security of power systems


Ettore Bompard, Tao Huang, Yingjun Wu, Mihai Cremenescu
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2013 Activity Type: Software Research Area: Smart Grids

This paper presents a framework to classify threats to power system secure operation. Threats have long been recognized; however, there lacks a categorical classification of them due to various individual perspectives from different organizations. The power system is evolving to a smart, super, and clean grid, accompanied by interior diversified and emerging threats. Furthermore, threats from exterior factors, intentional and non-intentional, conventional and new-born, to power systems have become more severe than ever before.


Characterisation of electrical energy storage technologies


Helder Lopes Ferreira, Raquel Garde, Gianluca Fulli, Wil Kling, Joao Pecas Lopes
Publication Category: Journal Papers Publication year: 2013 Activity Type: Software / Desktop Research Area: Smart Grids

In the current situation with the unprecedented deployment of clean technologies for electricity generation, it is natural to expect that storage will play an important role in electricity networks. This paper provides a qualitative methodology to select the appropriate technology or mix of technologies for different applications. The multiple comparisons according to different characteristics distinguish this paper from others about energy storage systems.


Smart Energy Grids and Complexity Science


E. Bompard, , S. Connors,, G. Fulli, , B. Han, , M. Masera, , A. Mengolini,, W. J. Nuttall
Publication Category: Reports Publication year: 2012 Activity Type: Desktop Research Area: Integrated power systems

This report proposes ideas and an approach to address present and future challenges in future smart energy systems through the particular lenses of complexity sciences.
Complexities arising inside and around emerging energy distribution systems prompt a multilayered and integrated approach in which different disciplines and areas of expertize are pooled together.  The interfaces between system layers and intellectual disciplines are the focus, rather than on the details of any individual layer or the particularities of one approach.

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